Specific Learning Disability
California Education Code Title 5, Section 3030 defines a Specific Learning Disability as: “...a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may have manifested itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.”
Of children identified as having specific learning disabilities, the great majority (over 80%) have a disability in the area of reading. The manifestation of a specific learning disability is contingent to some extent upon the type of instruction, supports, and accommodations provided, and the demands of the learning situation. Early intervention can reduce the impact of many specific learning disabilities. Specific learning disabilities vary in their degree of severity, and moderate to severe learning disabilities can be expected to impact performance throughout the life span. Finally, a multi-tiered system of student supports (MTSS) has been identified as effective as part of a comprehensive approach to meet students’ academic needs.